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Racism, School Desegregation Laws and the Civil Rights Movement in the United States



The African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) refers to the social movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against black Americans and restoring voting rights to them. This article covers the phase of the movement between 1955 and 1968, particularly in the South. The emergence of the Black Power Movement, which lasted roughly from 1966 to 1975, enlarged the aims of the Civil Rights Movement to include racial dignity, economic and political self-sufficiency, and freedom from oppression by white Americans.

The movement was characterized by major campaigns of civil resistance. Between 1955 and 1968, acts of nonviolent protest and civil disobedience produced crisis situations between activists and government authorities. Federal, state, and local governments, businesses, and communities often had to respond immediately to these situations that highlighted the inequities faced by African Americans. Forms of protest and/or civil disobedience included boycotts such as the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955–1956) in Alabama; “sit-ins” such as the influential Greensboro sit-ins (1960) in North Carolina; marches, such as the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama; and a wide range of other nonviolent activities.

Noted legislative achievements during this phase of the Civil Rights Movement were passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964, that banned discrimination based on “race, color, religion, or national origin” in employment practices and public accommodations; the Voting Rights Act of 1965, that restored and protected voting rights; the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965, that dramatically opened entry to the U.S. to immigrants other than traditional European groups; and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, that banned discrimination in the sale or rental of housing. African Americans re-entered politics in the South, and across the country young people were inspired to action.

Desegregation busing in the United States (also known as forced busing or simply busing) is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics.

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45 Comments
  1. Danielle Nicole 5 months ago
    Reply

    The first girl.. the tears streaming from her eyes. My heart breaks.

  2. Dzonny Blue 5 months ago
    Reply

    GOOD OLD DAYS !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  3. Marcelo marques 5 months ago
    Reply

    Nesta época os americanos eram umas desgraças preconceituosas e não valiam a pena respeitá-los por serem rascistas🖕😧👊

  4. r o s e 5 months ago
    Reply

    un desastre los subtítulos

  5. WavyBlk Queen 5 months ago
    Reply

    Racism never died we were just forced to integrate

  6. Has 92 5 months ago
    Reply

    I like how calmly they describe their events lol compared to now

  7. Has 92 5 months ago
    Reply

    Racism comes in all shapes and colors and it is learned (starts) with the person’s environment. I’m glad we have came very far from this but we aren’t that far. This coronavirus situation is where we see blacks, whites, etc acting aggressively against the asian community and people wearing masks lmfao smh

  8. Tatrice Shipp 5 months ago
    Reply

    The sickest part of all of this is the black people wanting so much too be accepted by the very people that abuse you.

  9. Chico Viola 5 months ago
    Reply

    Os americanos Sã o os filhos do diabo e o nosso presidente um infeliz baba ovo

  10. MrVcherry72 5 months ago
    Reply

    The desegregation is the worst thing that could have happened to the black, and brown communities. The evidence shows we are more divided now than we ever were prior to desegregation. With the evidence that is clearly seen in today's urban communities I can't help but think it was crafty counsel by the whites in power to desegregate us to divide us, and pit our men against our woman, and our woman against our men, as well well as our children against their parents and vice versa. Soon those that did this will reap what they sow.

  11. Interlocutor 1067 5 months ago
    Reply

    School integration was a terrible mistake.

  12. seeDiersoil crossrowds 5 months ago
    Reply

    sorry folks but whites are now the victims, are you not tired of the bull? theamericanstateassembly.net/correct-your-status annavonreitz.com

  13. sanchez73 day 5 months ago
    Reply

    Integration was a mistake, lie and moral sin. We should have never as blk people been made to integrate. Separate but equal should have been the goals

  14. Mr. L.R. HOYLE 5 months ago
    Reply

    Racism has now Quadrupled. It's only 2020.

  15. Rabid Farmer 5 months ago
    Reply

    This was the time before ebonics. Back t(en people spoke properly.

  16. Rabid Farmer 5 months ago
    Reply

    The Klan now has a tan. Oh look..them slaves vote for the slaveowners still. Gotta love Democrats!

  17. Lindsey Jackson 5 months ago
    Reply

    Racism is the only invention whites folks don’t want to take credit and accountability for. What a sad shame that my people had to endure. I’m glad all those racist pricks are burning in hell now or have black grand kids🙃🤣

  18. Stoner 03 5 months ago
    Reply

    12:45 Sounds like something a 12 yr old call of duty gamer would say.

  19. Deborah D 5 months ago
    Reply

    When did he die.

  20. Janet M. 5 months ago
    Reply

    Really..there are two sides to a story but here it is clearly representes as white folk Fearing people of color.

  21. Stan Hope 5 months ago
    Reply

    they should've concentrated on the spelling on some of those signs.

  22. LARSON FREDERICK 5 months ago
    Reply

    land of the free

  23. LARSON FREDERICK 5 months ago
    Reply

    think the equality was about 80 to 20

  24. Antony Brown 5 months ago
    Reply

    You need not wonder where John Casper is and his time they are keeping the fire hot in Hell forever

  25. Salem 5 months ago
    Reply

    Please segregate those screaming women from the rest of us.

  26. Bongo Fury 5 months ago
    Reply

    Name 1 school district that was improved or even maintained their level of excellence after the Mudds were admitted and encouraged to "express themselves" and "celebrate their culture"?

  27. Raymay 5 months ago
    Reply

    Even back then they would use comi as such a bad word

  28. Love Angel 5 months ago
    Reply

    if they don't or didn't change their hearts toward black people, ALL will be in HELL lifting up their eyes

  29. shawndoctiki 5 months ago
    Reply

    Mister Casper was a great preacher

  30. Justin Parker 5 months ago
    Reply

    Death to AMERIKKKA

  31. Gregory Love 5 months ago
    Reply

    We were better off before integration. This is a fact. We married more, were more self sufficient, had values, and a sense of pride and community.

  32. Emunah bat yisrael 5 months ago
    Reply

    The blacks sound more educated than the whites!!

  33. Emunah bat yisrael 5 months ago
    Reply

    The guy at 44:30 sounds so ignorant

  34. Chris Gillard 5 months ago
    Reply

    I hope that all Americans will teach each other how to grow a potato and much more than that. Without hating each other because of skin colour or silly things like that. From a Canadian; May God Bless America.

  35. Akbar Shabazz-Jenkins 5 months ago
    Reply

    You know you're stupid when you're trying to keep black kids out of your children's schools by making and holding signs which depict multiple misspellings of the n word

  36. Radical Greek 5 months ago
    Reply

    Bring back segregation and leave all the races alone. If you want to end racism simply separate from each other, problem solved.

  37. Leslie Jackson 5 months ago
    Reply

    All that racism and bullying and not a single school shooting.

  38. DAvid HAmmond 5 months ago
    Reply

    I think white people are convinced that Jesus was white!! lmao. Jesus was anything but white! All this blonde hair blue eyes has you guys fooled.

  39. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    Yeha want to play Barbie' 🤯 liosmackers 🤯 Claire's.

  40. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    You like ramen noodles I eat two.

  41. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    Sandusky high.

  42. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    I am going to jail for all two thousand sweet valley highs.

  43. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    Yeh but miss Grayson and uncle warbucks are my aunt's and uncles.

  44. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    Yes sir we got seven A's and sevenbs

  45. Naomi Banks 5 months ago
    Reply

    You get back one hundred seventy seven.

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